Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Farmers on Organic Agriculture in a Rural Community in Ifugao, Philippines

Ifugao State University
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A survey was conducted to describe knowledge, attitude, and practices of small
scale farmers on Organic Agriculture Production (OAP) in Bolog, Kiangan,
Ifugao, Philippines. Respondents’ age ranged from 23-67 years old. Most of them
are male, married, and have reached high school. The major source of income is
farming with an average monthly income of less than Php5,000 for a household
size of seven. Farm size is less than one hectare. Majority of them own their farms
and have been farming for more than twenty years. Very few attended training on
OAP and most of them are not aware of any OAP program in their community.
The level of knowledge on OAP among all respondents was below the average.
On attitude, most of the respondents agreed that organic farming will decrease
production costs by reducing input purchases. They believe it benefits both the
consumer and the producer. In fact, they are aware of the many benefits of organic
farming specially on health. Likewise, many of them agreed on the benefits of
organic farming to soil fertility, to the environment, and to increasing the income
of farmers. Many of them, however, see organic farming as troublesome and
difficult in terms of time and effort, obtaining organic inputs, limited production,
and marketing aspects. They also have heavy reliance on pesticides and herbicides
to control pests and diseases. On practices, respondents stated that they practiced
crop rotation, manual weeding, and the use of animal manure. However, majority
of the farming practices are still conventional. Results of this study will serve as
basis for developing appropriate communication strategies to improve knowledge,
attitude, and practices of respondents on organic agriculture as well as enhance its
promotion in the community.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices on Organic Agriculture; Ifugao,